Group Project Proposal (Science)
SCHOOL OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, SINGAPORE
INVESTIGATIVE SKILLS IN SCIENCE
Names:Elvis leong jin wai
Group Reference: K
A. Indicate the type of research that you are adopting:
[ ] Test a hypothesis: Hypothesis-driven research
e.g. Investigation of the anti-bacteria effect of chrysanthemum
[ ] Measure a value: Experimental research (I)
e.g. Determination of the mass of Jupiter using planetary photography
[ x] Measure a function or relationship: Experimental research (II)
e.g. Investigation of the effect of temperature on the growth of crystals
[ ] Construct a model: Theoretical sciences and applied mathematics
e.g. Modeling of the cooling curve of naphthalene
[ ] Observational and exploratory research
e.g. Investigation of the soil quality in School of Science and Technology, Singapore
- Type & Category
Type of research: _______3_________ (Write down one number from 1 to 6)
Category – __________13________ (Write down one number from 7 to 20)
Sub-category – ________g__________ (Write down the sub-heading alphabet)
Application of project relevant to SST Community, Society or the World:
As the performance of an athlete can be affected by the support the shoe gives for the soles and the heels of the athlete’s foot, by knowing what the best material for creating a insole that can support the feet, one can improve in their sport activities.
C. Write down your research title
Investigation on the amount of shock absorbed by a sport shoe and the relationship of the different types of insole used in the shoe
D. (a) Aim / question being addressed
How much shock is a sport shoe (in this case a court shoe) able to absorb and how much a average shoe (in this case a sneaker) is able to absorb.
(b) Independent variable
different materials as insoles
(c) Dependent variable
the rebound height due to the shock absorbed.
(d) Controlled variables
weight of the pendulum
length of string holding the pendulum
initial height when dropping the pendulum
the insole made of bubble wrap will absorb the most shock.
E. Method – Description in detail of method or procedures (The following are important and key items that should be included when formulating ANY AND ALL research plans.)
(a) Equipment list:
(materials for the insoles)
- Felt x1 piece 50cmx50cm
- Cardboard x1 piece 50cmx50cm
- foam x1 piece 50cmx50cm
- bubble wrap x1 piece 50cmx50cm
- insole from a proper sport shoe x1 piece 50cmx50cm
- Marker x1
- pendulum (or any other round metal object.) x1
- Cutting board x1
- Device able to record a video x1
- Device/software able to slow down the recording x1
- scissors x1
- Duct Tape x1 roll
(b)A (Making the insoles for the shoe.)
- Mark out the sole of the shoe onto the material that the insole is going to be made of with a marker.
- Using a pair of scissors, carefully cut out the marked out area.
- Repeat steps 1 and 2 for as many soles needed.
B (Testing for the shock absorbtion of the soles.)
- Take 1 of the insoles and place it in the shoe.
- Using the cutting board as a marker, mark out the initial starting height where the pendulum is going to be released from. This will be kept constant throughout the experiment.
- Mark a point on the cutting board at 40 cm and tape it a vertical flat surface (the wall) with the 0 mark for both the x and y axis is in contact with the floor.
- Place the insole on the floor next to the cutting board
- Place the device with the camera function onto the tripod
- Start recording
- Bring the pendulum to the point marked on the cutting board
- Release the pendulum and wait for it to stop bouncing completely
- Stop the recording.
- Change the insole currently in use with another one.
- Repeat the above steps for as many insoles you have prepared.
C (to retrieve data.)
- Retrieve the recorded clips from the camera
- Put it into a editing software (iMovie)
- Slow the video down and look for the highest point of rebound
- Record in down
- Repeat 2 to 4 for every clip.
(c) Risk, Assessment and Management: Identify any potential risks and safety precautions to be taken.
the pendulum could potentially trip people if it rolls away and people step on it accidently.
Keep track of where the pendulum is as this would prevent it from rolling away and tripping people.
while cutting the materials for the insoles, we may cut ourselves.
one must be extremely careful while cutting the materials involved with the soles to prevent any injuries.
as the project is placed on the floor, people may walk into it and trip, thus hurting themselves.
we could use a piece of string to quadron the area or make the project more obvious.p
as the pendulum is quite heavy, when it bounces off the set up, it may hit others and hurt them
Only do the experiment when there is no one nearby
(d) Data Analysis: Describe the procedures you will use to analyze the data/results that answer research questions or hypotheses
F. Bibliography: List at least five (5) major sources (e.g. science journal articles, books, internet sites) from your literature review. If you plan to use vertebrate animals, one of these references must be an animal care reference. Choose the APA format and use it consistently to reference the literature used in the research plan. List your entries in alphabetical order for each type of source.
- Textiles in Sport. (n.d.). Retrieved March 10, 2016, from https://books.google.com.sg/books?id=jaCjAgAAQBAJ
- About Different Types of Soles for Sport Shoes. (2015). Retrieved March 10, 2016, from http://www.livestrong.com/article/345103-about-different-types-of-soles-for-sport-shoes/
- Gleick, J. (1987). RUNNING SHOES WASTE NATURAL ENERGY OF FEET. Retrieved March 10, 2016, from http://www.nytimes.com/1987/06/02/science/running-shoes-waste-natural-energy-of-feet.html